What is GIS?
A system of hardware, software, and procedures designed to support the capture, management, manipulation, analysis,modeling and display of spatially-referenced data for solving complex planning and management problems. (DOE, 1987)
A system for capturing, storing,checking, integrating, manipulating, analyzing and displaying data which are spatially referenced to the Earth.
GIS is a powerful technology, and has found use in many sectors of the economy with great success. GIS helps governments collate and analyze the quantities of data needed to address a wide range of social and economic issues. It cuts across nearly all disciplines, provides a common language for discussion, and acts as a means to bring governments,agencies, and constituents together in the decision making process. As large scale producers, custodians and consumers of spatial data, the use of GIS in data management and decision-making for the counties becomes inevitable.
Section 105of the county governments act of 2012 requires county governments to prepare County Spatial Plan which is (GIS) based. GIS as rapid evolving and expanding technology is one of the key technologies that the county governments will find useful in conducting their business. Amongst other benefits, counties will make informed decisions on effective utilization of resources, equality in distribution of development, and space-based planning.
Despite this requirement being in existence for more than seven years, as of today, few counties have established GIS units. The lack of resources and awareness on the power of GIS was quoted as the key hindrances to achievement of this legal requirement. This COP and webinar serves to fill this gap - to provide practical, structured steps on how to plan,implement and manage GIS in the counties.
Purpose of COP AND WEBINAR
The purpose of this Community of Practice and webinar therefore is to collate experiences,ideas and approaches to be adopted by County Governments to utilize Geo spatial technologies (GIS) as a high-tech support system for spatial thinking
Objectives and Expected outcomes
The objectives of the COP and webinar are to:
Objective 1 Why Is Geographic Information Systems Important?
Objective 2 How GIS is used in the world for rational planning and decision making process?
Objective 3 Meet the legal requirement of the law on preparing County Spatial Plans:
Objective 4 Application of GIS in the establishment,use and management LIMS: